Geography & Landscape:
Los Llanos covers an elongated area that runs 1200-1300 km. It starts in Columbia in the foothills of the Andes, and follows the Orinoco River almost until the river’s delta by the sea. Different parts of Los Llanos contain different types of vegetation and landscape. However, the whole area is a tropical savanna due to the fact that the area has a well-defined wet and dry season and it has high temperature year round. The plains of Arauca and Apure are in low area, and have a slight downward slope in the north-east direction. Because of this, los llanos of Arauca and Apure collects the rainfall from the surrounding areas. The regions have many rivers to drain the area such as the Capanaparo, Apure, Arauca, and Cinaruco Rivers. Apure and Arauca are mostly flat plains, with a few sparse forests and few mountains. The forests that are present are gallery forest that run along different areas of the river.
This picture shows an Arial view of los llanos de Arauca. You clearly see the gallery forest that runs along the river.
Original image can be found at: http://media.photobucket.com/image/recent/DXR001/dzsungelreszlet800x533ARAUCA.jpg
The highest point in either of these two regions is no more than 125 meters. The precipitation in these region fluctuates between 700 to 1500 mm annually. The average annual temperature is between 26 to 30 degrees Celsius.